Sir Anthony Caro has been a key figure in contemporary sculpture for half a century, playing a pivotal role in the development of sculpture in the twentieth century. Born in 1924, Caro studied sculpture at the Royal Academy in London, and later became an assistant to Henry Moore. He came to prominence after his Whitechapel exhibition of 1963, where he exhibited large abstract sculptures which he placed directly on the ground, marking a radical departure in the way sculpture was displayed and engaged with. Caro went on to teach at Central St. Martin's School of Art from 1953-1981, and continued to work with a vast range of materials including bronze, silver, lead, stonewear, wood, and paper. He has had major retrospectives at MOMA, New York; the Trajan Markets, Rome; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo; Tate Britain, London; and in Pas-de-Calais, France. He was knighted in 1987, received the Lifetime Achievement Award for Sculpture in 1997, and received the Order of Merit in 2000. On 23rd October 2013 Anthony Caro died of a heart attack at the age of 89.