Born in London in 1928, Harold Cohen was a British artist most famously noted as the creator of AARON, a computer programme designed to produce art autonomously by simulating the cognitive processes underlying the human act of drawing. Cohen studied at Slade School of Fine Art, where he also taught for several years after completing his degree. By the 1960s, the artist exhibited in shows including the Biennale di Venezia, documenta III, the Biennale de Paris, and the Carnegie International in Pittsburgh. Cohen moved to the United States in 1968 and in 1971 spent time at Stanford University's Artificial Intelligence Lab; at Stanford, his fascination with artificial intelligence led him to create the AARON programme. His work in the intersection of computer artificial intelligence and art attracted a great deal of attention and led to exhibitions at many museums, including Tate Gallery in London.
Cohen died on 27 April 2016 in Encinitas, California.