Harold Cohen

Born in 1928, Harold Cohen acquired a major reputation in the 1960s as a painter and leading figure in the new London scene, representing the UK at the Venice Biennale (1966), documenta 5, and in museum shows throughout the world. In 1968 he moved to California, as Professor and then as Chair in the newly formed Visual Arts Department of the University of California, San Diego. There, he turned his attention to computing, and quickly built a second reputation as a pioneer in the application of computing to the arts. One of the very few artists ever to explore the new science of artificial intelligence for his own art-making purposes, he developed his now-celebrated AARON programme, and, before most of his public knew what computers were, they exhibited together at prestigious venues on both sides of the Atlantic: the Tate Gallery, the Brooklyn Museum, the San Francisco Museum, the LA County Museum, documenta 6 and many other prestigious international locations. His work can be found in the collections of a number of leading institutions, including the Victoria & Albert Museum and the Tate Gallery, London; the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto; the LA County Museum, Los Angeles; the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; and the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh.