Howard Hodgkin

1932
Born on 6 August in Hammersmith, London and he soon realizes he has a deep interest in becoming a painter.

1940-43
Evacuated with mother and older sister, Ann, to USA, where they live on Long Island and he attends Greenvale School.

1945-48
At Eton College the art teacher Wilfrid Blunt shows his pupils works borrowed from the Royal Library, next door in Windsor Castle, including Ustad Mansur's Chameleon. He begins to collect Indian miniatures. His relationship with scholastic environment is tense: he runs away from Eton twice. He transfers to his new school, Bryanston School in Dorset, where Charles Handley-Read teaches him art. Howard is sent to a psychiatrist but convinces him that all he needs is to return to the States. He spends the summer back on Long Island.

1948-50
Studies at Camberwell School of Art (along with Gillian Ayres, Harry Mundy and Chritopher Pinsent), where the dominant ethos is 'Euston Road' realism.

1949
Completes the first work he believes in, Memoirs.

1950-54
Studies at the residential Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, Wiltshire, which is run by artists Clifford and Rosemary Ellis. Teachers included William Scott, Jack Smith and Peter Lanyon. With Colin Thompson, Howard arranges the first show of Andre Derain's paintings in England.

1952
First show in a public gallery in Bath Art Society's group show at the Victoria Art Gallery, Bath.

1953
Creates his first print, Acquainted with the Night, based on a poem by Robert Frost.

1954
Appointed assistant art master at Charterhouse School, Surrey on one year's probation. He resigns as soon as the appointment is confirmed.

1955
Marries Julia Lane (two sons, Louis, born 1958 and Sam, born 1960). They live in Hammersmith, London until 29 September 1958.

1956-66
Teaches part time at Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, along with painters Michael Craig-Martin, Robyn Denny, John Ernest and Adrian Heath; the ceramicist James Tower; poet James Kirkup; puppet-makers Helen Binyon and Riette Sturge Moore; movement teacher Litz Pisk and the composer Henry Boys.

1962
The graphic artist and critic Roger Coleman arranges for Hodgkin to show 9 works, including Dancing, Bedroom, Afternoon and Mr and Mrs Robyn Denny, at London's Institute of Contemporary Arts.

1964
First visits India, where he travels with Robert Skelton. Hodgkin returns every year for many years. Among his friends, artists like Patrick CaulfieldR.B. Kitaj, Richard Smith, Stephen Buckley, Mick Moon and Robyn Denny. He paints many of their portraits, as though to emphasise his outsider status: he is never part of Pop Art, or the Situation movement or Kitaj's 'School of London.' His work resists classification.

1966
Moves to Long Dean, Wiltshire, where he lives until 1977.

1966-72
Teaches part time at Chelsea School of Art, London.

1969
Shows new paintings at Kasmin Limited, London. For the first time he abandons canvas for a wooden support in Indian Subject (Blue), 1965-9.

1970-76
Trustee of the Tate Gallery.

1971
His impressions of India seen through windows and from trains emerge as Indian Views, 12 screenprints published by Leslie Waddington Prints, London. More Indian Views, 5 lithographs, are published by Bernard Jacobson in 1976. Kasmin hires a chateau in Carennac, France for the summer and invites artists he represents to bring their families.

1973
At the age of 41 Hodgkin makes his American debut at the Jill Kornblee Gallery in New York with 9 paintings.

1975
First exhibit of Talking about Art, the first picture in which he leaves parts of the wooden surface unpainted. Recovers and returns to India as one of 3 British artists in the 3rd Indian Triennale in Delhi. Becomes a friend of Foy Nissen of the British Council in Bombay and visits the studio of Jamini Roy.

1976
Appointed CBE.
Artist in residence for a year at Brasenose College, Oxford.
Awarded second prize at the 10th John Moore's Liverpool Exhibition for Cafeteria at the Grand Palais.
First retrospective exhibition Forty-five Paintings, 1949-75 opens at the Museum of Modern Art, Oxford. Richard Morphet writes in the catalogue. Works include Bombay Sunset and Small Durand Gardens, where Morphet then lived.
Makes a print, After Luke Howard, for a bicentennial portfolio tribute, For John Constanble, published by Bernard Jacobson, along with works by Peter Blake, Bill Brandt, Barry Flanagan, Duncan Grant, David Hockney, John Hoyland, Richard Smith and others. Luke Howard, a distant relation, after whom Howard was named, wrote the Essay on the Modification of Clouds (1803), which inspired Constable's cloud studies.

1976
Appointed CBE. Artist in residence for a year at Brasenose College, Oxford
Awarded second prize at the 10th John Moore's Liverpool Exhibition for Cafeteria at the Grand Palais.
Makes a print, After Luke Howard, for a bicentennial portfolio tribute, For John Constable, published by Bernard Jacobson, along with works by Peter Blake, Bill Brandt, Barry Flanagan, Duncan Grant, David Hockney, John Hoyland, Richard Smith and others.

1977
For the first time Howard applies paint to a print, Julian and Alexis. From now on he will add hand colouring to all his prints.
Buys a flat in a house near the British Museum. Eventually buys the rest of the building and the former dairy behind the house, which becomes a studio.

1978-85
Trustee of the National Gallery, London.

1979
Selects work from the National Gallery's collection for an exhibition in their series The Artist's Eye. Visits David Hockney in Los Angeles with Peter Blake and keeps a Journal. Extracts were printed in Ambit 83, 1980. Howard's paintings of David Hockney in Hollywood and prints of David's Pool and David's Pool at Night refer to this visit.

1981
First South Bank Show for London Weekend Television, directed by Verity Bargate. Designs sets and costumes for Night Music, choreographed by Richard Alston for Ballet Rambert. Gives the William Townsend Memorial Lecture at the Slade School of Fine Art (reprinted in The Burlington Magazine, 1982).

1982
With Geeta Kapur co-curates Six Indian Painters at the Tate Gallery, including Jamini Roy and Bhupen Khakhar. A 40-minute Arts Council film by Judy Marle, 'Howard Hodgkin in Conversation with David Sylvester', opens in his studio in Wiltshire and includes a visit to India, and conversations with Bhupen Khakhar and Foy Nissen. Meets E.J. Power, a fellow trustee of the Tate Gallery, who collects paintings by Jackson Pollock and commissions a series of family portraits from Hodgkin.

1984
Represents Britain at the XLI Venice Biennale with 24 paintings. Forty Paintings then travels to the Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.; Yale Center for British Art, New Haven; the Kestner-Gesselschaft, Hanover and reopens the Whitechapel Gallery, London.
Meets Antony Peattie with whom he still lives.
Nominated for first Turner Prize, Howard hangs Son et Lumiere in the Tate display.

1985
Awarded the second Turner Prize. Exhibits A Small Thing But My Own (1983-85) in the Tate show.
Beginning of collaboration with Cinda Sparling in New York.

1986
Works for the first time with Jack Shirreff at 107 Workshop, Wiltshire on a print, Green Room. The partnership continues for the next 24 years
Commissioned by Tricia Guild of Designers Guild to design textiles: Leaf and Large Flower are printed on glazed chintz; Moss and Earth on cotton satin.

1987
Designs sets and costumes for Pulcinella, choreographed by Richard Alston for Ballet Rambert.
Makes Moon, a print in colour and in black and white for the Friends of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

1988
Appointed Honorary Fellow, Brasenose College, Oxford. Designs a mural for the swimming pool in the Broadgate Centre, executed in Venitian glass mosaic.
Designs the set and costumes for Piano, choreographed by Ashley Page for the Royal Ballet.

1990
Henry-Claude Cousseau writes in the catalogue for the solo show Small Paintings 1975-1989.
Makes a poster for the London Underground of Highgate ponds.

1991
Creates hand-coloured engravings for Susan Sontag's story The Way We Live now (first printed in The New Yorker, 1986), that are published by Karsten Schubert and in facsimile by Jonathan Cape. Proceeds go to Aids charities in Britain and the United States.
Indian Paintings and Drawings from Hodgkin's collection opens at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C., and tours to the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; the Rietberg Museum, Zurich; the British Museum, London and the Museo del Castelvecchio, Verona.

1992
Knighted.
Outing Art: the BBC Billboard Art Project (directed by Sheree Folkson, and shown on television during the week of 17 May) invites Howard (along with Richard Hamilton, Damien Hirst, Michael Landy and others) to make billboard-sized art. He paints A Small Thing Enlarged (see film).
Designs a mural for the front of the new British Council headquarters in New Delhi architect Charles Correa.
Makes Put Out More Flags, a print to benefit the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth's Artists' Fund.

1994
The first monograph on Hodgkin's work appears, written by Andrew Graham-Dixon. It includes 13 Artist's Statements and texts.

1995
The catalogue for Paintings 1975-1995 at the Metropolitan Museum, New York features essays by Michael Auping and Susan Sontag, an exchange of letters with John Elderfield and a catalogue raisonne by Maria Price.
Howard's Venice prints are hung in the Kunsthalle, Winterthur in a space shared with Anya Gallaccio, who garlands it with scarlet gerbera.

1996
Illustrates Julian Barnes's short story Evermore, first printed in Cross Channel, with a series of hand coloured etchings, published by Palavan Press and in paperback by Penguin.
A.M. Homes interviews Hodgkin for Artforum.
Second South Bank Show directed by Melissa Raimes.

1997
Interviewed by William Feaver for 'Mind's Eye', Hodgkin talks about Mondrian, Sickert, Liotard, Matisse and Degas.
Designs the backcloths for Mark Morris Dance Group's Rhymes with Silver.

1999
Paints an image of an eye, which is enlarged photographically to cover the entire outside wall of the new circular Imax Cinema on Waterloo Roundabout, London.
Paints an image for the Royal Mail, used on the 64p millennium stamp.
Awarded Honorary Doctorate by the University of Oxford.
Designs backcloth for Holst's opera Savitri, staged in the Sackler Gallery of the Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C.

2002
Designs backcloth for Mark Morris Dance Group's Kolam.
The Aldeburgh Festival stages a new production of Savitri, reuses Howard's backcloth and exhibits his stage designs at the Peter Pears Gallery in a setting devised by Patrick Kinmonth.

2003
Made a Companion of Honour.
Publication of Howard Hodgkin Prints: A Catalogue Raisonne, with an introduction by Nan Rosenthal and a conversation between the editor Liesbeth Heenk and Howard.

2006
Writers on Howard Hodgkin published by the Irish Museum of Modern Art and Tate Publishing features new essays by Colm Tolbin and Enrique Juncosa and reprints essays by Bruce Chatwin, Julian Barnes, Susan Sontag, William Boyd and James Fenton.
Designs backcloths for Mark Morris Dance Group's Mozart Dances, which opens at Lincoln Center, New York and then tours to Vienna, London, Chicago, Berkeley, Los Angeles, Toronto, Aukland, Washington, Seattle, Montpellier, Tel Aviv and Boston.

2008
Whitechapel Gallery commissions a new print, Sunset (copperplate sugarlift in 5 colours, handpainted in acrylic in 4 colours) as the Whitechapel Gift: all proceeds go to the gallery's education programmes.

2009
Makes his largest prints yet, As Time Goes By, referring to the song in Casablanca. They are made of five separate sheets and add up to 20" in length and are in two colour ways, red and blue. Alan Cristea, who publishes them, shows them along with some of Hodgkin's previous, large prints, the Venice series, Into the Woodsand Frost.

2010
The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford exhibits 20 of Hodgkin's Indian paintings and drawings of elephants.


SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS

1962
Arthur Tooth & Sons, London

1964
Arthur Tooth & Sons, London

1967
'16 Recent Paintings', Arthur Tooth & Sons, London

1971
Gallerie Muller, Cologne, Germany (includes) David Hockney Drawing, Mr and Mrs Peter Blake and his portrait of Ron Kitaj, R.B.K

1975
Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol
Dartington Hall, Devon

1976
Waddington Galleries, London
'Forty-five Paintings, 1949-1975', Museum of Modern Art, Oxford

1984
Knoedler Gallery, New York

1986
Knoedler Gallery, New York

1988
Waddington Galleries, London
Knoedler Gallery, New York

1990
Musee des Beaux Arts, Nantes; Caixa de Pensions, Barcelona; Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh and Douglas Hyde Gallery, Trinity College, Dublin
Michael Werner's gallery, Cologne, Germany
Knoedler Gallery, New York

1992
'Seven Small Pictures', the British School, Rome, Italy

1993
Anthony D'Offay Gallery, London
Knoedler Gallery, New York

1997
Galerie Lawrence Rubin, Zurich, Switzerland

1998
Gagosian Gallery, New York
Haas & Fuchs Gallery, Berlin, Germany

1999
Anthony D'Offay Gallery, London

2001
Alan Cristea Gallery, London
'Philadelphia Collects Howard Hodgkin', Philadelphia Musem of Art, Philadelphia

2002
'Large Paintings 1984-2002', Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh

2004
Gagosian Gallery, New York
Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles
Galerie Haas & Fuchs, Berlin

2005
Galerie Lutz & Thalmann, Zurich, Switzerland

2006
'Howard Hodgkin' Retrospective exhibition, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, tours to Tate Britain, London and the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid
Barbican Art Gallery, London
Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne
Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal
Victoria Art Gallery, Bath
Ormeau Baths Gallery, Belfast
Winchester Discovery Centre
Turnpike Gallery, Leigh, Manchester
PM Gallery, Ealing, London

2007
'Paintings 1992-2007', Yale Center for British Art, New Haven; Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge

2008
Gagosian Gallery, London

2009-2010
'Seven New Paintings', Gagosian Gallery, London

2010
'Time and Place', Modern Art Oxford, Oxford; De Pont Museum of Contemporary Art, Tilburg, the Netherlands, 

2012
'Acquainted With the Night', Alan Cristea Gallery, London

2013
'Howard Hodgkin: Views', Bernard Jacobson Gallery, New York

2014
Gagosian Gallery, Paris

2015
'Made in Mumbai', CSMVS, Mumbai 

2016
'Orangery', New Arts Centre, Salisbury

2017
'Howard Hodgkin: Absent Friends', National Portrait Gallery, London

SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS

1962
'Two Young figurative Artists' ICA, London

1964
'London: the New Scene', Walker Art Center, Minneapolis

1972
'Patrick Caulfield, Howard Hodgkin, Michael Moon', Galerie Stadler, Paris

1980
The Moon hangs in 'The Hayward Annual...Selected by John Hoyland', Hayward Gallery, London

1981
Knoedler's Gallery, New York.
'A New Spirit in Painting', The Royal Academy, London

1982
Knoedler's Gallery, New York

1984
XLI Venice Biennale
'Four Rooms', Arts Council of Great Britain, touring exhibition

1985
'Prints 1977-1983', Tate Gallery, London

1986
Turner Prize, Tate Gallery, London

1995-6
'Paintings 1975-1995', Metropolitan Museum, New York; the Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth; the Kunstverein fur die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Dusseldorf and the Hayward Gallery, London
'Peter Blake, Patrick Caulfield and Howard Hodgkin: Paintings from the 60s and 70s', Waddington Galleries, London

2000
'Encounters', The National Gallery, London

2001
Dulwich Picture Gallery, London

2002
The Royal Academy, London

2008
'Howard Hodgkin & Edgar Degas', Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh

2016
'People on Paper', Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal 

 

SELECTED COLLECTIONS

Art Gallery of Ontario, Canada
British Museum, London
De Pont Museum of Contemporary Art, Tilburg, the Netherlands
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Spain
Museum of Modern Art, New York
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
National Gallery of Australia
National Gallery of Victoria, Australia
National Museum of Wales
National Portrait Gallery, London
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art
Tate Britain, London
Tate, London
The Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois
Victoria and Albert Museum, London
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota